River Routing: Simulation of Stream flow

General Info

  • Only for GSM (RSM version is under development).
 river discharge estimation coded by kei yoshimura (07/02/09)
 compute river discharge by TRIP (Oki and Sud, 1998)
    S:river storage
    O:river discharge
    I:input to the flow (inflow from upstream and total runoff
      accumulated in a grid)
    dc=v/l (v: flow velocity, l: flowpath length)
    input runoff are taken from LSM and output river discharge etc.
    are written to riv.ftXX in grib format.
    gdriv: river storage [kg/m/m]
    rflow: river discharge [kg/s]
    imap : flow direction (0:sea, 9:rivermouth)
          8  1  2
          7  *  3
          6  5  4
    roff : converted runoff [kg/m/m/s]
 initial and restart file:
    rivi (if not exsited, all river channel storage is assumed
          to have 10mm water)


  • New codes/scripts/data
    • src/fcst/pgriv.F : river routine.
    • src/fcst/gau2llc.F : horizontal interpolation for a grid center.
    • src/share/gribit2.F : called from wriflx for gribing river variables.
    • src/include/comfriv.h :
    • con/flwdirGSWP2.one.Z : 1.0 degree digital river map (Oki and Sud, 1998)
    • con/flwdirGSWP2.hlf.Z : 0.5 degree digital river map (Okada, 2000)
  • Modified codes/scripts/data
    • src/fcst/gsmstep.F : call pgriv and write restart file (rivi)
    • src/fcst/gbphys.F : calculate total runoff (surface+subsurface)
    • src/fcst/wriflx.F : writing to riv.ftXX in grib format.
    • src/share/idsdef.F : define output variable IDs. gdriv(199), rflow(200), imap(202), roff(203)
    • src/fcst/Makefile.in : add pgriv.o and gau2llc.o
    • src/share/Makefile.in : add gribit2.o
    • def/cvar.F
    • def/misc.h : add RIV1 and RIV05 definitions.
    • def/depend.h : add IO2 and JO2 definitions.
    • configure-model : add --enable-riv1 or riv05 option.
    • configure-scr
    • install : add --enable-riv1 or riv05 option.
    • runscr/fcst.in : add a link from digital river map.
    • CVSROOT/modules : add flwdir data.

Automatic Installation

  • When you install gsm, just add --enable-riv1 for 1deg or --enable-riv05 for 0.5deg.
mkdir rivtest
cd rivtest
cvs co install
./install --model=gsm --enable-riv1

Step by step

1. Make executables.
  • You should rerun configure-model in gsm/ with option "--enable-riv1" or "--enable-riv05".
cd gsm
./configure-model --enable-riv05
make clean
 # you need to make at least fcst and share.
2. Get digital river map.
  • The digital river maps are on courtesy of Oki Lab, IIS, UT.
cd libs
cvs co con/flwdirGSWP2.one.Z con/flwdirGSWP2.hlf.Z
uncompress con/flwdir*.Z
3. Soft-link the river map as "fort.93"
  • It is better to add "ln" command in gruns/runscr/fcst. Such as,
 (in case of riv05)
ln -fs con/flwdirGSWP2.hlf              fort.93
 (in case of riv1)
ln -fs con/flwdirGSWP2.one              fort.93
4. Modify the main script.
  • Nothing for river routing.
  • As usual. Simulation period, initial files, boundary files, etc.etc.
5. Execution.
  • If you have initial river storage in appropriate resolution, copy it as "rivi".
  • Output will be "riv.ftXX". Restart file is named as "rivi".


    Calculation is in a single processor
    (Same as I/O process. Does not influence to other routines.)
    Map(s) of riverflow direction is very important.
    Currently, 1deg x 1deg version (Oki and Sud, 1996) and
    0.5deg x 0.5deg version (Okada, 1999) are available.
    The map should be placed/linked as fort.93
    io_ and jo_ in paramodel.h are used as io2_ and jo2_.
    t126 (io_=360,jo_=181) and t248 (io_=720,jo_=361) are
    usable in default, but other resolution io2_ and jo2_
    needs to be selected manually. => in comfriv.h and gau2llc.F
    Grid coordination (1deg) is centered, such as
    (0.5E, 89.5N)  - (0.5W, 89.5N) ; i=1,io_
                   :               ; j=1,jo_-1
    (0.5E, 89.5S)  - (0.5W, 89.5S)
    (        dummy column        ) ; j=jo_


  • RIV1 in COMPAS (compas.ucsd.edu), PGI-MPI, T62L28
  • RIV05 in COMPAS (compas.ucsd.edu), PGI-MPI, T62L28